Bayerische Motoren Werke AG is a German automobile, motorcycle and engine manufacturing company founded in 1916. It also owns and produces the Mini marque, and is the parent company of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars. BMW produces motorcycles under BMW Motorrad and Husqvarna brands. In 2010, the BMW group produced 1,481,253 automobiles and 112,271 motorcycles across all its brands.
Covered:* four geared manual* four geared automaticNOTE: Only maintenance adjustment simple maintenance tasks plus removal and installation are described for the Auto gearbox.Contents:* Engine* Cooling System* Fuel System* Clutch* Manual Transmission (Strip Down and Rebuild)* tail shafts* Auto gearbox* Rack and pinion* Front springs and shock absorbers* Rear springs and shock absorbers* braking system* wiring (Plus electrical schematics)* Body* Emission Control* Lubrication and Maintenance* Wiring Diagram for Australian Mini Clubman GT* Wiring Diagram for Australian Moke Pick-UP* Wiring Diagram for Mini 850 Deluxe Saloon Van Pick-Up with Generator and Toggle Switches* Wiring Diagram for Mini 850 Deluxe Saloon Van Pick-Up with Automotive alternator and Rocker Switches* Wiring Diagram for Mini 1275 GT with Automotive alternator and Rocker Switches* Wiring illustrations routine maintenance electrical schematics repairs and overhauls and what tools to buy. Gregory's manuals are based on an actual vehicle disassembly and are researched and written by mechanics with vast experience. information
UK BMW 3 Series (E90) Touring (E91) Petrol Diesel Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual Covers: Saloon (E90) Touring (E91) with 4 piston 6 piston motors. Petrol Models Covered: ● 318i ● 320i ● 325i ● 330i Diesel Models Covered: ● 318d ● 320d ● 325d ● 330d The manual DOES NOT cover: 320Si 335i 335d and M3 or any features specific to the (E92) Coupe (E93) Convertible or XDrive (four wheel drive) versions of the above. DOES NOT cover: `facelifted` MY2009 range introduced Sept 2008 in the UK Oct 2008 in Australia. Petrol motors Covered: ● 318i - 2.0 liter (1995 cc) 4 piston ● 320i - 2.0 liter (1995 cc) 6 piston ● 325i - 2.5 liter (2497 cc) 6 piston ● 330i - 3.0 liter (2996 cc) 6 piston Turbo Diesel motors Covered: ● 318d - 2.0 liter (1995 cc) 4 piston ● 320d - 2.0 liter (1995 cc) 4 piston ● 325d - 3.0 liter (2993 cc) 6 piston ● 330d - 3.0 liter (2993 cc) 6 piston Transmissions described are 5 Speed and 6 Speed Manual and Automatic Transmissions. No overhaul or major repair procedures are described but normal maintenance and simple maintenance tasks and removal and installation of the related info
518 518i 525i 528i 535i M535i; Saloon; 1766cc 1795cc 2494cc 2788cc 3430cc sohc petrol (not 4WD models) ● 5 Series (E34) 518i 520i 525i 530i 535i; Saloon and Touring; 1795cc 1990cc 2494cc 2986cc 3430cc sohc petrol (not 4WD models) Engines Covered ● M10/4 piston (1766 cc) ● M40/4 piston (1596 cc) (1796 cc) ● M20/6 piston (1990 cc) (2494 cc) ● M30/6 piston (2494 cc) (2788 cc) (2986 cc) (3430 cc) Does NOT cover models with Dual Overhead Cam vee eight or Diesel Engines or 4WD. gearboxs Covered: ● Getrag 5-speed manual ● ZF 5-speed manual ● ZF 3 HP 22 - 3 Speed Automatic ● ZF 4 HP 22 - 4 Speed Automatic ● ZF 4 HP EH - Electronic 4 Speed Automatic Contents: ● Living with Your BMW ● Roadside Repairs ● Routine Maintenance Service ● Engine In-Car Repair Procedures ● General Engine Overhaul motor maintenance cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust air pollution control ignition brakes springs and shock absorbers and steering electrical systems and electrical schematics. Haynes repair manuals can save you money on bills for repair and maintenance. click the link
versions of the E39 Generation 5 Series Engines Covered : 2.0 liter (1991cc) M52 M52TU Dual Overhead Cam 6 piston Petrol. 2.2 liter (2171cc) M54 Dual Overhead Cam 6 piston Petrol. two point five liter (2494cc) M52 M52TU M54 Dual Overhead Cam 6 piston Petrol. 2.8 liter (2793cc) M52 M52TU Dual Overhead Cam 6 piston Petrol. 3.0 liter (2979cc) M54 Dual Overhead Cam 6 piston Petrol. Please Note: Does NOT cover 535i 540i or M5 with vee eight petrol engines four-stroke diesel models or new generation E60/61 5 Series range introduced 2003. Does NOT cover 3.5 liter (3498cc) 4.4 liter (4398cc) 5.0 liter (4941cc) vee eight petrol engines or four-stroke diesel models. Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and heating airconditioner maintenance fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition braking system suspension and steering electrical systems and wiring diagrams. Haynes repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. progressive procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. click
Single Over Head Camshaft four cylinder (W10B16) as fitted to Mini One and Cooper 1.6 liter (1598 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft supercharged four cylinder (W11B16) as fitted to the Mini Cooper S Does NOT cover models with CVT or Steptronic Auto gearbox or features specific to Convertible or John Cooper 'Works' conversions. Does NOT cover new ('Mk II') MINI introduced Aug 2006. With a Haynes manual you can do it yourself…from simple maintenance to basic repairs. Haynes writes every book based on a complete teardown of the vehicle. We learn the best ways to do a job and that makes it quicker easier and cheaper for you. Our books have clear instructions and hundreds of photographs that show each step. Whether you’re a beginner or a pro you can save big with Haynes! --Step-by-step procedures --Easy-to-follow photos --Complete troubleshooting section --Valuable short cuts --Color spark plug diagnosis In this workshop manual: Basic maintenance: simple weekly checks Service your car: complete step-by-step guide Fault finding: pinpoint specific problems easily Roadside emergencies: how to deal with them Pass the MOT: considerably more details
320i 323i 325i 328i 330i in Saloon Coupe Touring Bodystyles. DOES NOT Cover: Compact Convertible M3 or four-stroke diesel Models Compact Convertable or M3 models or new 3-series (E90/E91/E92) introduced durint 2005.. DOES NOT Cover: 1.6 liter (1596 cubic centimetre ) four cylinderinder petrol and all four-stroke diesel motors are not covered in this manual. motors Covered: ● 1.8 liter (1796 cubic centimetre ) "N42 B18" DOHC "Valvetronic" four cylinderinder ● one point nine liter (1895 cubic centimetre ) "M43TU B19" OHC four cylinderinder ● 2.0 liter (1995 cubic centimetre ) "N42 B20" DOHC "Valvetronic" four cylinderinder ● 2.2 liter (2171 cubic centimetre ) "M54 B22" DOHC 6 cylinder ● two point five liter (2494 cubic centimetre ) "M52TU B25" DOHC 6 cylinder ● two point five liter (2494 cubic centimetre ) "M54 B25" DOHC 6 cylinder 6-speed manual ● four geared automatic ● 5-speed automatic NOTE: Only maintenance adjustment simple maintenance tasks plus removal and installation are described for the transmissions. Inside this manual you will find: scheduled upkeep routine engine tuning motor repair considerably more details
Convertible Does NOT cover Touring (Estate) Compact M3 or Diesel models; Does NOT cover E46 Range introduced Sept 1998 It does not cover the later M52 6-cylinder motors or diesel motors. The motors covered by this manual are as follows: 1.6 L (1596 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M40 B16 four cylinderinder petrol up to 1993 model year 1.6 L (1596 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M43 B16 four cylinderinder petrol from 1994 model year 1.8 L (1796 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M40 B18 four cylinderinder petrol up to 1993 model year 1.8 L (1796 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M43 B18 four cylinderinder petrol from 1994 model year 1.8 L (1796 cubic centimetre ) Dual Overhead Cam M42 B18 four cylinderinder petrol 1.9 L (1895 cubic centimetre ) Dual Overhead Cam M44 B19 four cylinderinder petrol 2.0 L (1991 cubic centimetre ) Dual Overhead Cam M50 B20 6 cylinder petrol up to 1995 (including VANOS) 2.0 L (1991 cubic centimetre ) Dual Overhead Cam M52 B20 6 cylinder petrol from 1995 (including VANOS) 2.5 L (2494 cubic centimetre ) Dual Overhead Cam M50 B25 6 cylinder petrol up to 1995 (including VANOS) 2.5 L (2494 cubic more data
drive): : ● 3 Series 1992 - 1998 (including 318is 325i and 328i) ● Z3 Sports 1996 - 1998 motors Covered: ● M42 1.8 liter and M43 and M44 one point nine liter 4 piston motors ● M50 two point five liter and M52 2.8 liter motors. Please note: This manual DOES NOT cover M3 and that these manuals are intended for petrol motor cars (except where diesel is specifically mentioned) built to US specifications. Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance routine engine tuning motor repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust air pollution control ignition brakes suspension and steering electrical systems and electrical schematics. Haynes repair manuals can save you money on bills for repair and maintenance. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. link here
turbo-diesel engines: 520d 525d 530d. DOES NOT cover new 5-Series (F10/F11) range introduced during 2010 Engines Covered: 2.0 liter (1995cc) 520d - N47 D20 4-cylinder DOHC sixteen valve 2.0 liter (1995cc) 520d - M47 D20 T2 4-cylinder DOHC sixteen valve two point five liter (2497cc) 525d - M57 D25 TU inline 6-cylinder DOHC 24-valve 3.0 liter (2993cc) 530d - M57 D30 TU/T2 inline 6-cylinder DOHC 24-valve DOES NOT cover petrol models 535d twin turbo diesel models or models with xDrive gearbox gearboxs Described: * GS6-17BG/DG or 37BZ/DZ 6-speed manual (N47 engine) * GS6-37BZ/DZ 6-speed manual (M47T2 engine) * GS6-53BZ/DZ 6-speed manual (6-cylinder engines) * GA6HP19Z 6-speed automatic (4-cylinder engines) * GA6HP26Z 6-speed automatic (6-cylinder engines) Contents: * Routine Maintenance * Tune-Up Procedures * motor maintenance * Cooling And Heating * Air-Conditioning * Fuel And Exhaust * air pollution control * Ignition braking system * springs and shock absorbers And Rack and pinion * Electrical Systems * Wiring Diagrams NOTE: Only maintenance adjustment simple maintenance tasks plus removal and installation are described for the gearboxs more info
Estate Van and Pick-up Including Clubman Cooper S Mk3 1275GT 1.3i Cooper and Special/Limited Editions.motors covered: 0.9 litre (848 cubic centimetre ) 1.0 litre (998 cubic centimetre ) 1.1 litre (1098 cubic centimetre ) and 1.3 litre (1275 cubic centimetre ).Does NOT cover ERA Mini Turbo.Does NOT cover features specific to Cabriolet.In this workshop manual you will find: Routine Maintenance routine engine tuning motor repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension and Rack and pinion electrical systems and wiring diagrams.Haynes workshop and service manuals are money saving on bills for repair and maintenance. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. Information on Repair and Service Manuals Note that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country. Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed motors can differ. Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you considerably more details
2003 - 2005 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers 3 Series models E46 chassis 1999 - 2005 and Z4 models 2003 - 2005. DOES NOT include information specific to the 318i 318ti 323is 328is Z3 M3 or Four Wheel Drive Models. motors covered: ● M52 TU B25 2494 cubic centimetre ● M52 BU B28 2793 cubic centimetre ● M54 B25 2494 cubic centimetre ● M54 B30 2979 cubic centimetre ● M56 B25 2494 cubic centimetre Contents: ● Routine maintenance ● Tune-up procedures ● motor repair ● Cooling and heating ● Air conditioning ● Fuel and exhaust ● Emissions control ● Ignition ● braking system ● Suspension and Rack and pinion ● Electrical systems ● electrical schematics Haynes repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. more information.....
centimetre BMW 528 and 528 Auto 2788 cubic centimetre BMW 528i and 528i Auto 2788 cubic centimetre Please note: This manual DOES NOT cover revised range introduced October 1981. Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance routine engine tuning motor maintenance cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust air pollution control ignition brakes springs and shock absorbers and steering electrical systems and wiring diagrams. Haynes repair manuals can save you money on bills for repair and maintenance. progressive procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. . here
completeness with practical explanations progressive procedures and a cubic centimetre urate specifications. Whether you're a professional or a do-it-yourself MINI owner this manual will help you understand care for and repair your car. Models and motors covered: * Cooper: 1.6 liter normally aspirated motor * Cooper S: 1.6 liter supercharged motor Transmissions covered: * Cooper: Manual 5-speed transmission (Midlands Getrag) * Cooper: Automatic continuously variable transmission (CVT) * Cooper S: Manual 6-speed transmission (Getrag) * Cooper S: Automatic with Agitronic (Aisin) Integracar aims to render a wide variety of service manuals. Bear in mind service manuals may just be manufactured for varying nations and the motor cars manufactured for those nations. A cubic centimetre ordingly not all maintenance manuals may be desirable for your individual car. If you have any enquiries whether or not a specific service manual is good for your vehicle kindly get in contact with us hereMini Cooper Service Manual 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 by Bentley Publishers extra info
BMW by Alessandro SanniaGet other BMW repair manuals hereSince the 1960s BMW has been one of the details
will help you understand care for and repair your car. Though the do-it-yourself 3 Series owner will find this manual indispensable as a source of detailed maintenance and repair information the owner who has no intention of working on his or her car will find that reading and owning this manual will make it possible to discuss repairs more intelligently with a professional technician. BMW E46 models and motors covered in this repair manual: * 323i/Ci (M52 TU 2.5 liter motor) * 328i/Ci (M52 TU 2.8 liter motor) * 325i/Ci/xi (M54 / M56 2.5 liter motor) * 330i/Cis/xi (M54 3.0 liter motor) * M3 (S54 3.2 liter Motorsport motor) Integracar attempts to render a considerable array of repair manuals. However repair manuals may just be prepared for several different nations and the automobiles produced for those nations. That is why not all maintenance manuals may be best suited for your specific vehicle. If you have questions whether or not a individual repair manual is best for your motor vehicle do not hesitate to get in contact with us hereBMW 3 Series (E46) Service Manual 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 by Bentley Publishers click to go
covered: * M52 TU B25 2494 cubic centimetre * M52 BU B28 2793 cubic centimetre * M54 B25 2494 cubic centimetre * M54 B30 2979 cubic centimetre * M56 B25 2494 cubic centimetre Contents: * Routine maintenance * routine engine tuning * motor maintenance * Cooling and heating * Air conditioning * Fuel and exhaust * Emissions control * Ignition * braking system * Suspension and steering * wirings * electrical schematics more here.....
photographs and illustrations. Included in every manual: troubleshooting section to help identify specific problems; tips that give valuable short cuts to make the job easier and eliminate the need for special tools; notes cautions and warnings for the home mechanic; color spark plug diagnosis and an easy to use index. Integracar attempts to provide you with a broad selection of service guides. Then again repair manuals can be designed for totally different countries and the motor vehicles released for those countries. Which means that not all maintenance manuals may be relevant for your specific car. If you have concerns whether a selected workshop manual is right for your vehicle do not hesitate to contact us hereBMW R850 1100 and 1150 4-valve Twins Service and Repair Manuals by Matthew Coombs find out more.....
procedures and accurate specifications. Whether you are a professional or a do-it-yourself BMW owner this manual will help you understand care for and repair your E39 5 Series. Engines covered * 6-piston engines: M52 M52 TU M54 * V-8 engines: M62 M62 TU Fuel injection systems covered: * Bosch M 5.2 M 5.2.1 ME 7.2 * Siemens MS 4one MS 42.0 MS 43.0 Manual transmissions covered: * Getrag S5D 250G S6S 420G * ZF S5D 320Z Automatic transmissions covered: * A4S 270R A4S 310R * A5S 360R A5S 390R * A5S 325Z * A5S 560Z A5S 440Z Integracar attempts to supply a extensive array of workshop guides. However repair manuals may just be put together for multiple countries and the motor cars released for those countries. Thereby not all maintenance manuals may be effective for your specific motor vehicle. If you have any concerns whether a certain service manual is best suited for your vehicle please get in touch with us hereBMW 5 Series Service Manual 1997-2003 (E39) by Bentley Publishers full details
illustrations and clear progressive instructions makes every step easy to follow with the exact order of assembly and all the specifications needed to complete the job. Integracar attempts to render a considerable selection of maintenance guides. Never the less repair manuals can be designed for different countries and the cars put together for those nations. For these reasons not all owners manuals may be ideal for your individual vehicle. If you have any questions whether or not a certain repair manual is ideal for your motor vehicle kindly make contact with us hereBMW K100 and 75 Service and Repair Manual (83-96) by Jeremy Churchill more info
1984-9 the BMW 3 Series' popularity and status is maybe due to the longevity of its design its ability to satisfy the keen driver or its iconic status but whatever it is there is no doubt that the E30 is one car from the past that will stay with us into the future. Focusing on the common faults which crop up repeatedly and giving detailed simple instructions regarding repairs this book is uniquely invaluable for owners who wish to try their hand at their own maintenance especially those who may previously have been prevented from doing so by a lack of technical know-how or specific knowledge. Integracar tries to render a substantial selection of maintenance manuals. All the same owners manuals can sometimes be created for very different countries and the motor car released for those nations. For these reasons not all service manuals may be acceptable for your specific motor vehicle. If you have questions whether or not a certain maintenance manual is worthy for your motor vehicle please make contact with us hereBMW E30-3 Series Restoration Bible by Andrew Everett further data
this Enlish-language version of the original 1957 four-language BMW Isetta Factory Manual to help you keep your Isetta on the road and good repair. Integracar aims to present a significant range of owners guides. On the other hand maintenance manuals may just be produced for varying nations and the automobiles released for those nations. That being said not all owners manuals may be best for your particular automobile. If you have any concerns whether or not a selected repair manual is eligible for your car do not hesitate to get in contact with us hereBMW Isetta Factory Repair Manual by Velocepress click
2005 - 2008 * R53 - Cooper S 2002 - 2006 Mk II Models: * R55 - Cooper Clubman / Clubman S 2008 - 2011 * R56 - Cooper / Cooper S 2007 - 2011 * R57 - Cooper and Cooper S Convertible 2009 - 2011 Note: Includes John Cooper Works (JCW) models. NOTE: DOES NOT include Countryman models or convertible top information. Engines Covered: * 1.6-liter SOHC 16-valve W10B16A (Mk I Cooper) * 1.6-liter SOHC 16-valve W11B16A (Mk I Cooper S) * 1.6-liter Dual Overhead Cam 16-valve N12 (Mk II Cooper 2010 and earlier) * 1.6-liter Dual Overhead Cam 16-valve N14 (Mk II Cooper S 2010 and earlier) * 1.6-liter Dual Overhead Cam 16-valve N16 (Mk II Cooper 2011 models) * 1.6-liter Dual Overhead Cam 16-valve N18 (Mk II Cooper S 2011 models) gearboxs described are: * Getrag GS5-65 BH/SH 5-speed manual gearbox (up to 07/2004) * Getrag GS5-52 BG (5-speed manual gearbox (after 07/2004) * Getrag GS6-85 BG/DG And Steering Systems * Body * Chassis wiring * electrical schematics NOTE: Only maintenance adjustment simple maintenance tasks plus removal and installation are described for the gearboxs. link here
standard Mini-Coopers in the BMC Competitions Department. The author who spent 22 years in 'Comps' reveals the secrets of specification build technique and development of the famous Works Minis. The book includes contributions from Ginger Devlin (Cooper's Chief Mechanic) and 'Jumping Jeff' Williamson (Works Rallycross driver). Particularly famous for their great adventures in the Monte Carlo Rally works Minis humbled many bigger and more powerful cars in international motorsport during the 1960s and 1970s. Mechanic Brian Moylan spent 22 years in the workshops of the BMC Competitions Department where the works cars were built. Here all the secrets of how ordinary production line Mini-Coopers were converted into the mighty giant-killing Minis of motorsport are revealed in great detail. Minis are still hugely popular in club motorsport and Mini racing series today. The book includes contributions on the racing Mini from Ginger Devlin and the rallycross Mini from 'Jumping Jeff' Williamson.Anatomy of the Works Mini by Brian Moylen click to go
Marcos and Unipower GT that even raced at Le Mans to the very obscure but at least as exciting Coldwell GT or Sarcon Scarab almost 60 cars are thoroughly researched described and photographed. Many of the people originally involved with designing and building them were interviewed and some cars that were thought to be long gone were found during the researching of this book. Others weren't but nevertheless made it in as old material came to light. Of the over 500 pictures in this book most have never been seen in print before. Just like the enthusiasm needed to build the cars described this book has been written with a true passion.Maximum Mini by Jeroen Booij more.....
Radiator. Fuel System. friction clutch. gearbox. tail shafts. Rear springs and shock absorbers. Steering. Front springs and shock absorbers. Hydraulic Dampers. Braking System. Electrical Equpment. Body. Service Tools. Emmission Control.Originally published by British Leyland Motors Ltd in 1976.This Edition first printed under Licence in 1996.Part Number AKD4935/2 Information on Repair and Service Manuals Note that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country. Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed motors can differ. Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you need more detail please contact us here.. more info
and repair systems on 3 Series cars.. BMW E30 models and engines covered in this BMW repair manual: * 318i (M10 1.8 liter engine) * 325/e/es (M20 2.7 liter engine) * 325/i/is/Convertible (M20 two point five liter engine) BMW E30 gearboxs covered in this BMW repair manual: * Getrag 240 (4-piston cars) * Getrag 260 (6-piston cars) Integracar endeavors to put up a wide spectrum of workshop guides. Even so maintenance manuals can be created for a variety of nations and the motor vehicles built for those nations. That is why not all service manuals may be fitting for your particular car. If you have concerns whether a certain owners manual is applicable for your automobile please get in touch with us hereBMW 3 Series Service Manual 1984-1990 (E30) by Bentley Publishers much more info
this manual helps you understand care for and repair your BMW. discuss repairs more intelligently with a professional technician. Models covered 525i and 530i * M54 motor (2004-2005) * N52 motor (2006-2007) 528i * N52K motor (2008-2010) 535i * N54 twin turbo motor (2008-2010) 545i * N62 V8 motor (2004-2005) 550i * N62 TU V8 motor (2006-2010) Integracar aims to make available a sizeable number of repair guides. Unfortunately workshop manuals may just be created for numerous different nations and the motor cars put together for those nations. That means not all repair manuals may be applicable for your selected motor vehicle. If you have important questions whether a particular maintenance manual is suitable for your motor vehicle do not hesitate to e-mail us hereBMW 5 Series Service Manual 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (E60 E61) by Bentley Publishers considerably more details
sporting saloons. Motoring historian James Taylor tells the complete story of the design development and production of these cars through each generation. Topics covered include: History of BMW before the "5 Series"; Detailed model-by-model specifications; Production details and running costs; M-Series and Touring models; and Advice on buying a "BMW 5 Series" today. Illustrated throughout this is an essential reading for all motoring enthusiasts.BMW 5 Series by James Taylor click
Little Book of Mini by Brian LabanGet other BMW repair manuals hereThis is the story of an more here.....
hereThe BMW 7 Series (E38) Service Manual: 1995-2001 is a comprehensive source of service information and technical specifications available for the BMW 7 Series models from 1995 to 2001. Whether you're a professional or a do-it-yourself BMW owner this manual will help you understand care for and repair your car. Models engines and transmissions covered: * 740i 740iL: M60 4.0 liter M62 or M62 TU 4.4 liter * 750iL: M73 or M73 TU 5.6 liter Engine management systems (Motronic): * Bosch M3.3 (OBD I) * Bosch M5.2 (OBD II) * Bosch M5.2.1 (OBD II) * Bosch M5.2.1 (OBD II / LEV) * Bosch ME 7.2 (OBD II) Auto gearboxs * A5S 560Z * A5S 440Z Integracar attempts to give you a broad number of service guides. Even so owners manuals could well be designed for distinctive countries and the cars produced for those nations. That being said not all repair manuals may be best suited for your particular vehicle. If you have any concerns whether or not a individual service manual is good for your automobile kindly e-mail us hereBMW 7 Series Service Manual 1995-2001 (E38) by Bentley Publishers more advice
manuals hereA faithful reproduction of the 1967 Floyd Clymer publication of the official factory BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke) Workshop Manual for the R26 and R27 single cylinder motorcycles.//There are exhaustive tables of technical data tolerances and fits and all of the expected data from a factory publication for the repair and overhaul of all major and minor mechanical and electrical components making it an invaluable resource for collectors and restorers of these classic BMW motorcycles.//There are 257 illustrations and each procedure is explained in a progressive method using an appropriate illustration. The translation from German to English is at times a little quirky but the profuse illustrations make up for any difficulty in understanding what needs to be done!//True to the original this reproduction is published in four languages English German French and Spanish making this a universal publication and required reading for any owner. Out-of-print and unavailable for many years this book is highly sought after on the secondary market and we are pleased to be able to offer this reproduction as a service to all BMW enthusiasts worldwide. click to go
997 cubic centimetre and 998 cubic centimetre ) 1.1 liter (1071 cubic centimetre ) and 1.3 liter (1275 cubic centimetre ). Covers manual and Auto gearbox versions. Does NOT cover features specific to Mini Moke.In this workshop manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures motor repair cooling and heating airconditioner maintenance fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition braking system springs and shock absorbers and steering wirings and electrical schematics.Haynes workshop and service manuals are money saving on maintenance and repair bills. progressive procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. Information on Repair and Service Manuals Note that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country. Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed motors can differ. Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you need more detail please contact us here.. more information.....
become a national treasure and huge success: Princess Margaret owned one as did Steve McQueen Paul Newman the Beatles Peter Sellers and Marianne Faithfull. Its popularity with women in particular marked it out from the crowd and sales soared as the car was taken up by the new urban elite and took a starring role in The Italian Job. But there was trouble - the basic Mini sold for less than it cost to produce and by the early eighties the miracle machine had become a symbol of manufacturing incompetence. The end came in 2000 but a new generation of Mini was just around the corner and today this motoring pin-up is as iconic as ever. "Mini" features contributions from those who have known and loved this troubled star as well as its scornful critics. Full of fascinating facts and vivid stories this is a fabulous celebration of a living national treasure that reads more like the life story of a wayward royal than a machine.Mini by Christy Campbell extra
through 1983.motors covered Inline 4 pistons with OHC designated quot;M10quot;: 1.6 liter - 1573 cubic centimetre carburettor 1.8 liter - 1766 cubic centimetre fuel-injected 2.0 liter - 1990 cubic centimetre carburettor 2.0 liter - 1990 cubic centimetre fuel-injectedgearboxs covered 4 or 5 gear manual with Borg Warner synchromesh ZF 3HP22 3-speed automaticIn this workshop manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures motor repair cooling and heating airconditioner maintenance fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes springs and shock absorbers and steering electrical systems and electrical schematics.Haynes workshop and service manuals are money saving on bills for repair and maintenance. progressive procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. Information on Repair and Service Manuals Note that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country. Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed motors can differ. Please check that the manual will cover your model before more information.....
2011 (also known as the Mk II). The aim throughout this manual has been simplicity clarity and completeness with practical explanations step-by-step procedures and accurate specifications. Whether you're a professional or a do-it-yourself MINI owner this manual will help you understand care for and repair your car. Engines covered: * N12 (2007-2010) * N14 (2007-2010) * N16 (2011) * N18 (2011) Transmissions covered: * Automatic gearbox: 6-speed AISIN (GA6F21WA) * Manual gearbox: 6-speed Getrag (GS6-55BG for Cooper GS6-53BG for Cooper S) Integracar endeavors to give you a considerable range of workshop manuals. In spite of this service manuals can possibly be developed for numerous countries and the vehicles manufactured for those nations. Which is why not all maintenance manuals may be acceptable for your individual vehicle. If you have any concerns whether a specific service manual is perfect for your automobile please e-mail us hereMini Cooper (R55 R56 R57) Service Manual: 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 by Bentley Publishers further data
illustrations. Included in every manual: troubleshooting section to help identify specific problems; tips that give valuable short cuts to make the job easier and eliminate the need for special tools; notes cautions and warnings for the home mechanic; color spark plug diagnosis and an easy to use index. Integracar attempts to have a sizeable assortment of workshop guides. But owners manuals can be designed for distinctive nations and the motor car built for those nations. For this reason not all maintenance manuals may be right for your individual automobile. If you have enquiries whether or not a selected maintenance manual is eligible for your vehicle kindly get in contact with us hereBMW 3-Series Automotive Repair Manual by Jay Storer more data
the threads that tie the original Mini to today's updated version are here complex fascinating numerous. This is a book that will be welcomed by Mini enthusiasts and bought by motoring enthusiasts!Mini by Rob Golding related info
first time! This information-packed guide provides all the information you need to restore your prized BMW. Contents cover 1600 to 2002 turbo models from the mid-60's to the mid-70's and include detailed information on restoring vehicle body chassis engine and trim. Includes production changes color schemes and history. Integracar tries to render a wide scope of owners guides. Then again maintenance manuals can be produced for numerous different nations and the automobiles manufactured for those countries. Due to this fact not all owners manuals may be best suited for your individual vehicle. If you have enquiries whether a specific owners manual is ideal for your automobile kindly get in contact with us hereBMW '02 Restoration Guide by Mike Macartney considerably more details
How with Master Airbrush Painting Tips by JoAnn Bortles192How with Master Airbrush Painting Tips by JoAnn Bortles click
1920s and 1930s the telescopic then Earles fork wind-tunnel-developed fairings anti-lock brakes and Paralever swingarms. Here is the full story of all the BMW road and racing machines and the people who designed them including classic machines such as the Kompressor RS54 R69S R90S and R100RS as well as the latest R1150 and K1200.The BMW Story by Ian Falloon considerably more details
the do-it-yourself BMW owner will find this manual indispensable as a source of detailed maintenance and repair information the BMW owner who has no intention of working on his or her car will find that reading and owning this manual will make it possible to discuss repairs more intelligently with a professional technician. Integracar endeavors to offer a considerable selection of repair guides. Conversely owners manuals can sometimes be manufactured for specific nations and the motor cars designed for those nations. Fot that reason not all maintenance manuals may be right for your specific vehicle. If you have questions whether or not a selected workshop manual is appropriate for your automobile feel free to contact us hereBMW Z3 Service Manual 1996-2002 by Bentley Publishers click here.....
specsDetailed information on Alpina and M3 cars. Illustrated with over 400 color and black and white photographs together with detailed diagrams. A foreword by Herbert Schnitzer President of Schnitzer Motorsport who says 'preserving and restoring the E36 generation 3-Series keeps alive a great chapter in both road going and motorsport history for BMW'. Integracar tries to furnish a significant assortment of workshop manuals. But yet repair manuals could well be put together for very different nations and the motor vehicles produced for those countries. This means not all workshop manuals may be best for your particular car. If you have any concerns whether a particular maintenance manual is desirable for your motor vehicle do not hesitate to e-mail us hereBMW 3 Series E36 Restoration Tips & Techniques by Greg Hudock full details
follows the most popular BMW machines right up to date. From the 1930's to post-war su cubic centimetre ess - where BMW had no plans drawings blueprints equipment and only a ruined bombed factory in 1948 - yet the next year had produced 92 000 of the 250 cubic centimetre R24 this book chronicles the continuing su cubic centimetre ess of BMW motorcycles.The F and G Series F Series R Series K series are mentioned as are the constant innovations and improvements that have kept BMW at the forefront of motorcycle riding: the first to introduce ABS for motorbikes ( the R11OORS) electronically adjusted windshields (K1OOLT) hydraulic dampened telescopic forks Telelever springs and shock absorbers systems to deliver superior traction during hard-brake situations and a host of other improvements now recognised as standard and taken up by other manufacturers. Full of stunning colour photographs technical details construction up to the latest revamped opposed cylinder 'boxer' motors these are the bikes that made history and give the most demanding riders a taste for flight - certain to prove popular with any motorcyclist!The Art of BMW by Peter Gantriis find out more.....
here The BMW X5 (E53) repair manual: 2000-2006 contains in-depth maintenance service and repair information for BMW X5 models from 2000 to 2006. The aim throughout has been simplicity and clarity with practical explanations step-by-step procedures and accurate specifications. Whether you're a professional or a do-it-yourself BMW owner this manual helps you understand care for and repair your BMW. The do-it-yourself BMW owner will find this manual indispensable as a source of detailed maintenance and repair information. Even if you have no intention of working on your car you will find that reading and owning this manual makes it possible to discuss repairs more intelligently with a professional technician. Models and engines: 3.0i M54 engine 6-cylinder 3.0 liter 4.4i M62 TU engine vee eight 4.4 liter 4.4i N62 engine vee eight 4.4 liter (Valvetronic) 4.6is M62 TU engine vee professional shop or home garage. All of the content of the previous softcover edition is included. Technical features: Maintenance procedures from changing the ATF to replacing the fresh air microfilter. This manual tells you what to do and how and when to do it. Step-by-step variable related info
BMW entered existence as a business entity after having a restructuring of the Rapp Motorenwerke aircraft engine manufacturing firm in 1917. After the end of Ww 1 in 1918, BMW was forced to cease aircraft engine production by the terms of the Versailles Armistice Treaty. The company consequently shifted to motorcycle production in 1923 in the event the restrictions belonging to the treaty has become lifted, followed by automobiles in 192829.
The circular blue and white BMW logo or roundel is portrayed by BMW as the movement connected with an aircraft propeller, to signify the white blades cutting through the blue sky an interpretation that BMW adopted for convenience in 1929, twelve years after the roundel came to be. The emblem evolved from the circular Rapp Motorenwerke company logo, from which the BMW company grew, in combination with the blue and white colours of the flag of Bavaria, reversed to produce the BMW roundel. However, the fundamental cause belonging to the logo being according to the movement of a propeller is actually within dispute, according to an article posted in 2010 by the brand new York Times, quoting "At the BMW Museum in Munich, Anne Schmidt-Possiwal, explained that the blue-and-white company logo did not represent a spinning propeller, but was getting rid of show the colours of the Free State of Bavaria."
BMW's first significant aircraft engine was the BMW IIIa inline-six liquid-cooled engine of 1918, much preferred simply because of its high-altitude performance. With German rearmament in the 1930s, the company again began producing aircraft engines for the Luftwaffe. Among its successful Wwii engine designs were the BMW 132 and BMW 801 air-cooled radial engines, along with the pioneering BMW 003 axial-flow turbojet, which powered the tiny, 1944-1945-era jet-powered "emergency fighter", the Heinkel He 162 Spatz. The BMW 003 jet engine was tested while in the A-1b version of the world's first jet fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262, but BMW engines failed on takeoff, a major setback for the jet fighter program until successful testing with Junkers engines.
By the year just passed 1959, the automotive division of BMW what food was in financial difficulties as well as a shareholders meeting was held to decide getting in touch with go into liquidation or find a method of carrying on. It was decided they would continue to in order to profit from the current economy car boom enjoyed so successfully by some of Germany's ex-aircraft manufacturers such as Messerschmitt and Heinkel. The rights to manufacture the Italian Iso Isetta were bought; the tiny cars themselves may be powered by way of a modified form of BMW's own motorcycle engine. This has been moderately successful and helped the company get back on its feet. The controlling majority shareholder belonging to the BMW Aktiengesellschaft since 1959 may be the Quandt family, which owns about 46% belonging to the stock. The rest is set in public float.
BMW acquired the Hans Glas company based in Dingolfing, Germany, in 1966. It was reputed that the acquisition was mainly to gain access to Glas' growth and development of the timing belt with an overhead camshaft in automotive applications. Glas vehicles were briefly badged as BMW through to the company was fully absorbed.
In 1992, BMW acquired a large stake in California based industrial design studio DesignworksUSA, which they fully acquired in 1995. In 1994, BMW bought the British Rover Group (which during the time was made up of the Rover, Land Rover and MG brands amazing rights to defunct brands including Austin and Morris), and owned it for six years. By 2000, Rover was making huge losses and BMW decided to sell the combine. The MG and Rover brands were sold to the Phoenix Consortium to form MG Rover, while Land Rover was taken over by Ford. BMW, meanwhile, retained the rights to build the new Mini, which has been launched in 2001.
Chief designer Chris Bangle announced his departure from BMW in February 2009, after serving on design and style team for nearly seventeen years. He was replaced by Adrian van Hooydonk, Bangle's former go-to man. Bangle was known for his radical designs most notably the 2002 7-Series and also the 2002 Z4. In July 2007, the production rights for Husqvarna Motorcycles was purchased by BMW for a reported 93 million euros. BMW Motorrad plans to continue operating Husqvarna Motorcycles as being a separate enterprise. All development, sales and production activities, and current workforce, have remained in place at its present location at Varese.
In 2006, the BMW group (including Mini and Rolls-Royce) produced 1,366,838 four-wheeled vehicles, which were manufactured in five countries. In 2010, it manufactured 1,481,253 four-wheeled vehicles and 112,271 motorcycles (under both the BMW and Husqvarna brands).
The BMW X3 (E83) was by means of Magna Steyr, a subsidiary of Magna of Canada, in Graz, Austria under license from BMW until 2010. Over 45.973 were produced in 2009. Starting October 2010 the brand new BMW X3 (F25) is produced in BMW's plant in Spartanburg, South Carolina, U.S.A. From September 2010, the plant is producing MINI Countryman.
It is actually reported that about 56 per cent BMW brand vehicles produced are powered by petrol engines and also the remaining 44 per cent are powered by diesel engines. Of those petrol vehicles, about 27 per cent are four cylinder models and about nine per cent are eight-cylinder models.
BMW in addition has local assembly operation using complete knock down components in Thailand, Russia, Egypt, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Chennai, India for 3, 5, 7 series and X3.
Since 2008, motorcycle sales figures include Husqvarna models.
Motorcycles This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may perhaps be challenged and removed. (June 2008)
BMW began building motorcycle engines and then motorcycles after Ww 1. Its motorcycle brand is now known as BMW Motorrad. Their first successful motorcycle, after the failed Helios and Flink, was the "R32" in 1923. This was built with a "boxer" twin engine, when a cylinder projects into the air-flow from each side of the machine. Apart away from their single cylinder models (basically to exactly the same pattern), a bunch of their motorcycles used this distinctive layout through to the early 1980s. Many BMWs in order to be produced in this layout, which is designated the R Series.
During ww2, BMW produced the BMW R75 motorcycle with a sidecar attached. Featuring a unique design copied from the Zndapp KS750, its sidecar wheel has also been motor-driven. In combination with a lockable differential, this made the passenger truck very capable off-road, an equivalent in several ways to the Jeep.
In 1982, came the K Series, shaft drive but water-cooled and with either 40606 cylinders mounted in a straight line from front to back. Shortly after, BMW also started making the chain-driven F and G series with single and parallel twin Rotax engines.
Noisy 1990s, BMW updated the airhead Boxer engine which became the oilhead. In 2002, the oilhead engine had two spark plugs per cylinder. In 2004 it added a built-in balance shaft, an increased capacity to 1,170 cc that has been enhanced performance to 100 hp (75 kW) for the R1200GS, in comparison to 85 hp (63 kW) of the previous R1150GS. Much more powerful variants of the oilhead engines can be purchased the R1100S and R1200S, producing 98 hp (73 kW) and 122 hp (91 kW), respectively.
In 2004, BMW introduced the new K1200S Sports Bike which marked a departure for BMW. It features an engine producing 167 hp (125 kW), derived from the company's work together with the Williams F1 team, and is also lighter than previous K models. Innovations include electronically adjustable front and rear suspension, in addition to a Hossack-type front fork that BMW calls Duolever.
BMW introduced anti-lock brakes on production motorcycles starting while in the late 1980s. The generation of anti-lock brakes available on the 2006 and later BMW motorcycles pave the way for the development of electronic stability control, or anti-skid technology later while in the 2007 model year.
BMW continues to be an innovator in motorcycle suspension design, taking up telescopic front suspension millions of years before almost every other manufacturers. Then they switched with regard to an Earles fork, front suspension by swinging fork (1955 to 1969). Most modern BMWs are truly rear swingarm, single sided behind (compare with the regular swinging fork usually, and wrongly, called swinging arm). Some BMWs started using yet another trademark front suspension design, the Telelever, while in the early 1990s. Like the Earles fork, the Telelever significantly reduces dive under braking.
In July 2007, the Italian-made Husqvarna Motorcycles was purchased by BMW for a reported 93 million. BMW Motorrad home loan giants continue operating Husqvarna Motorcycles to be a separate enterprise. All development, sales and production activities, and current workforce, have remained in place at its present location at Varese. Husqvarna manufactures motocross, enduro and supermoto motorcycles.
The New Class (German: Neue Klasse) had been a distinctive line of compact sedans and coupes starting with the 1962 1500 and continuing through the last 2002s in 1977. Powered by BMW's celebrated four-cylinder M10 engine, the brand new Class models featured a fully independent suspension, MacPherson struts in front, and front disc brakes. Initially a family of four-door sedans and two-door coupes, the New Class line was broadened to two-door sports sedans with the help of the 02 Series 1600 and 2002 in 1966.
Sharing little in common with all of those other line beyond power train, the sporty siblings caught auto enthusiasts' attention and established BMW as a major international brand. Precursors to the famed BMW 3 Series, the two-doors' success cemented the firm's future as an upper tier performance car maker. New Class four-doors with numbers ending in "0" were replaced by the larger BMW 5 Series in 1972. The upscale 2000C and 2000CS coupes were replaced by the six-cylinder BMW E9, introduced in 1969 aided by the 2800CS. The 1600 two-door was discontinued in 1975, the 2002 replaced by the 320i in 1975.
The 1 Series, launched in 2004, is BMW's smallest car, and is for sale in coupe/convertible (E82/E88) and hatchback (E81/E87) forms. The 3 Series, a compact executive car manufactured since model year 1975, is currently in its fifth generation (E90); models include the sport sedan (E90), station wagon (E91), coupe (E92), and convertible (E93). The 5 Series is often a mid-size executive car, easily obtainable in sedan (F10) and station wagon (F11) forms. The 5 Series Gran Turismo (F07), beginning in 2010, will create a segment between station wagons and crossover SUV.
BMW's full-size flagship executive sedan may be the 7 Series. Typically, BMW introduces many of their innovations first while in the 7 Series, just like somewhat controversial iDrive system. The 7 Series Hydrogen, featuring among the world's first hydrogen fueled internal combustion engines, is fueled by liquid hydrogen and emits only water that is clean vapor. The actual most recent generation (F01) debuted during the past year. According to the 5 Series' platform, the 6 Series is BMW's grand touring luxury sport coupe/convertible (E63/E64). A 2-seater roadster and coupe which succeeded the Z3, the Z4 (E85) has been sold since 2002.
The X3 (E83), BMW's first crossover SUV (called SAV or "Sports Activity Vehicle" by BMW) debuted in 2003 and is also according to the E46/16 3 Series platform. Marketed in Europe as an off-roader, it benefits from BMW's xDrive all-wheel drive system. The all-wheel drive X5 (E70) can be a mid-size luxury SUV (SAV) sold by BMW since 2000. A 4-seat crossover SUV released by BMW in December 2007, the X6 is marketed as being a "Sports Activity Coupe" (SAC) by BMW.
A race-ready production vehicle. Since its debut, the M3 is heralded in enthusiast circles, mainly for its unique geometry and award winning engines. The brand new V8-powered platform became available the Autumn of 2007 in Europe, and second quarter of 2008 for the U.S. in coupe (E92), and later the cabriolet (E93), and sedan (E90) variants. According to the 5 Series, the M5 may be the M division's V10-powered version belonging to the E60 5 Series. The M6 may be the M division's version belonging to the 6 Series, and shares its drivetrain with the M5. The Z4 M, or M Coupe/M Roadster, could be the M division's version belonging to the Z4. The X5M may be the M division's version belonging to the X5, as well as the X6M could be the M division's version belonging to the X6. Both the X5M and X6M share the same V8 twin scroll twin turbo.
BMW continues to be engaged in motorsport activities since the dawn belonging to the first BMW motorcycle.
Man TT in 1939 BMW took over as first foreign manufacturer to win the Isle of Man TT race with Georg Meier
Dakar Rally BMW motorcycles have won the Dakar rally six times. Almost 30 years ago, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1999, and 2000.
Superbike World Championship BMW returned to premier road racing during the past year with their all new superbike, the BMW S1000RR.
BMW has a history of success in Formula One. BMW powered cars have won 20 races. In 2006 BMW took over the Sauber team and became Formula One constructors. In 2007 and 2008 the team enjoyed some success. The modern win is really a lone constructor team's victory by BMW Sauber F1 Team, on 8 June 2008, at the Canadian Grand Prix with Robert Kubica driving.
BMW was an engine supplier to Williams, Benetton, Brabham, and Arrows. Notable drivers who have started their Formula One careers with BMW include Jenson Button, Juan Pablo Montoya, Robert Kubica and Sebastian Vettel.
In July 2009, BMW announced that it would withdraw from Formula One finishing off belonging to the 2009 season. The team was sold for you to the previous owner, Peter Sauber, who kept the BMW organ of the name for the 2010 season due to issues with the Concorde Agreement. The team has since dropped BMW making use of their name starting in 2011.
Le Mans Twenty Four Hours BMW won Le Mans in 1999 with the BMW V12 LMR designed by Williams Grand Prix Engineering. Also the Kokusai Kaihatsu Racing team won the 1995 edition with a BMW-engined McLaren F1 GTR race car.
Nrburgring BMW won the 24 Hours Nrburgring 18 times along with the 1000km Nrburgring twice (1976 and 1981).
BMW announced on 15 October 2010 that it'll in order to touring car racing during the 2012 season. Dr. Klaus Draeger, who is actually within charge of the in order to DTM racing (Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters), commented that The return of BMW to the DTM is usually a fundamental a section of the restructuring of our motorsport activities. That boasts of increased commitment to production car racing, BMW is returning to its roots. The race track is the best in order to demonstrate the impressive sporting characteristics of our own vehicles against our core competitors in a high-powered environment. The DTM may be the ideal stage on the amount to work on this. BMW sponsors many other sports beyond motorsport. Pricey official sponsor of the London 2012 olympics providing 4000 BMWs and Minis in a deal made in November 2009. The company also made a six-year sponsorship deal with all the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) in July 2010.
The company is really a charter member of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Environmental Achievement Track, which recognises companies for their environmental stewardship and performance. It can be also a member of the South Carolina Environmental Excellence Program and is on the Dow-Jones Industrial Average Sustainability Group Index, which rates environmentally friendly companies. BMW has taken measures to reduce the impact the company has on the environment. It really is trying to design less-polluting cars by making existing models more efficient, as well as developing environmentally friendly fuels for future vehicles. Possibilities include: electric power, hybrid power (combustion engines and electric motors) hydrogen engines.
However, firms some criticisms directed at BMW, and in particular, accusations of greenwash in reference to their BMW Hydrogen 7. Some critics claim that the emissions produced during hydrogen fuel production outweigh the reduction of tailpipe emissions, and that the Hydrogen 7 can be a distraction from more immediate, practical solutions for car pollution.
BMW vehicles follow a certain nomenclature; usually a 3 digit number is followed by 1 or 2 letters. The first number represents the series number. The next two numbers traditionally represent the engine displacement in cubic centimeters divided by 100. However, more recent cars use those two numbers as a performance index, as e.g. the 116i, 118i and 120i (all 2,0L gas-powered), like the 325d and 330d (both 3,0L diesel) share exactly the same motor block while adjusting engine power through setup and turbocharging. A similar nomenclature is used by BMW Motorrad for their motorcycles.
The system of letters can be used in combination, and it is as follows:
A = automatic transmission
C = coup, last officially used on the BMW E46 and also the BMW E63 (dropped after 2005 model year)
c = cabriolet
d = diesel
e = eta (efficient economy, from the Greek letter '?')
g = compressed natural gas/CNG
h = hydrogen
i = fuel-injected
L = long wheelbase
s = sport, also means "2 dr" on E36 model
sDrive = rear wheel drive
T = touring (wagon/estate)
Ti = hatchback for the BMW 3 Series hatchback
x / xDrive = BMW xDrive all wheel drive
Annually since 1999, BMW enthusiasts have met in Santa Barbara, CA to attend Bimmerfest. Some largest brand-specific gatherings while in the U.S., over 3,000 people attended in 2006, and over 1,000 BMW cars were present. In 2007, the big event was held on 5 May.
The initials BMW are pronounced in German. The model series are recognized "Einser" ("One-er" for 1 series), "Dreier" ("Three-er" for 3 series), "Fnfer" ("Five-er" for the 5 series), "Sechser" ("Six-er" for the 6 series), "Siebener" ("Seven-er" for the 7 series). These aren't actually slang, but are the normal manner in which such letters and numbers are pronounced in German.
The English slang terms Beemer, Bimmer and Bee-em are variously with regard to BMWs of all types, cars, and motorcycles.
In america alone, specialists have been at pains to prescribe that a distinction must be made between using Beemer exclusively to spell it out BMW motorcycles, and going to Bimmer in order to refer to BMW cars, while in the manner of a "true aficionado" and avoid coming across "uninitiated." The Canadian Globe and Mail prefers Bimmer and calls Beemer a "yuppie abomination," while the Tacoma News Tribune says it's a distinction by means of "auto snobs." Using the wrong slang risks offending BMW enthusiasts. An editor of Business Week was satisfied in 2003 that it's a sensible was resolved simply Bimmer by noting that a Google search yielded 10 times as many hits in comparison to Beemer.
Manufacturers employ designers for their cars, but BMW has made efforts to gain recognition for exceptional contributions to and support of the arts, including art beyond motor vehicle design. These efforts typically overlap or complement BMW's marketing and branding campaigns. The headquarters building, designed in 1972 by Karl Schwanzer has developed into a European icon, and artist Gerhard Richter created his Red, Yellow, Blue a list of paintings for the building's lobby. In 1975, Alexander Calder was commissioned to paint a few of the.0CSL driven by Herv Poulain at the Twenty Four Hours of Le Mans. This led to more BMW Art Cars, painted by artists including David Hockney, Jenny Holzer, Roy Lichtenstein, and other people. Automobiles sold in the, currently numbering 17, are said at the Louvre, Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, and, just last year, at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and New York's Grand Central Terminal. BMW was the principal sponsor of the 1998 Ale the Motorcycle exhibition at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and other Guggenheim museums, though the financial relationship between BMW as well as the Guggenheim was criticised in many quarters. Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
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